Economy and Society II de José Porfiro – Specific

6 de abril de 2008


Filed under: Sem categoria — Porfiro @ 2:51 PM
entrevista milênio (21abr2008) – africano – banco defende ensino básico (contra investimento no Ensino Superior) – Faz pesquisa comprovando que os aíses que mais investiram em educação superior (comprando Coéria do Sul e um africano) obtiveram melhores resultados….. contradição
Innovation systems : World Bank support of science and technology development
Abstract: Innovation systems and science and technology (S&T) projects supported by the World Bank have taken on many forms in the past several years. The Bank’s involvement in industrial technology projects started in the 1970s, with Israel and Spain numbering among the first countries to receive support in the form of industrial technology development.1 This paper reviews the lessons learned in S&T projects that have been supported by the Bank, with an emphasis on the examples of the past decade (1989-2003). Projects and their components were included in this review if their objectives included the use of scientific and technological knowledge to improve development. The review included 51 project, in an aggregate amount of over US$4.2 billion; this did not include agricultural research projects where the Bank supported a significant amount of projects world-wide. The amounts invested in individual projects ranged from US$3 million to US$300 million, with a mean project size of about US$58 million. This paper first discusses the concept of the knowledge-based economy (KE) and its relation with the S&T sector, and then identifies the main themes of KE projects, groups them by the four pillars of the knowledge economy, and summarizes the key lessons learned. Since the Bank experience is most substantial in the areas of innovation systems and related policy frameworks, this review focuses on industrial technology development and on building national innovation systems. It touches only briefly on the themes of education, and information and communications technology, with the aim only of providing the proper context for the main study. A List of Projects is included in Box 1, and brief descriptions of these projects in Annex B to this report.
Evaluation of ECA innovation grant program, FY05-07



Zia, Heidi S.  ; Romero-Follette, Antonieta  ; 

Collection Title:

WBI evaluation studies ; EG08-137


World ; 

Document Date:


Doc Name:

Evaluation of ECA innovation grant program, FY05-07

Document Type:

WBI Working Paper




The World Region

Rep Title:

Evaluation of ECA innovation grant program, FY05-07

Report Number:



Education for Development (superceded) ; Teaching and Learning ;  ; Country Strategy & Performance ; Educational Sciences



Unit Owning:

Evaluation Group (WBIEG)

Volume No:

1 of 1

Abstract: This evaluation for the Europe and Central Asia (ECA) knowledge and learning committee identifies benefits of the Innovation Grant Program (IGP) and provides recommendations on how the administration of the IGP grants may be improved. An independent evaluation of previous ECA grants is mentioned in the FY05 guidelines. Two lessons stemming from that evaluation are incorporated in the guidelines: (1) management commitment to grant outcomes is a critical element in sustaining learning gains; and (2) learning events that meet Bank norms and staff preferences while contributing directly to Bank operational work achieve greater success. The current evaluation is the first one to focus on ECA’s Innovation Grant Program value. The desk review and staff responses to World Bank Institute Evaluation Group (WBIEG) questionnaire confirmed that ECA Innovation Learning Grants proved to be a valuable learning tool that: (i) increases the knowledge, skills or understanding of Bank staff; (ii) engages multi-sector teams within the Bank and with counterparts in knowledge-sharing activities and in thinking on how the Bank could be more effective; (iii) supports business development through innovation in the short to medium term; and (iv) contributes to identifying or applying solutions to development challenges, and also to developing best practice documents.

Focus on tech challenge – not threat of China

Published: May 20 2008 03:00 | Last updated: May 20 2008 03:00

From Mr Jan Willem Blankert.

Sir, "Is a liberal international economic order losing international support?" Devesh Kapur, Pratap Mehta and Arvind Subramanian wonder ("Is Larry Summers the canary in the mine?" May 14). They say that "the best line of defence for protecting workers has to be overwhelmingly domestic". How right they are.

For decades US professors have been saying that "the proliferation of prosperity across countries was a good thing". But with US economic pre-eminence challenged the professors are no longer so sure.

Interestingly, globalisation and the "China threat" are in the US mostly a left-right issue. In the European Union it is much more between the global south and north. Southern EU member states call for protective measures against Chinese textiles and shoes. Northern member states want to keep borders open. The Swedish trade minister has called for a coalition of "pro-free trade countries" in the EU. Do the US and southern EU member states have something in common? Yes, low average education levels and low scores on the World Bank "governance indicators". CONITUA………….


Strategic framework to nurture growth of developing states

By Krishna Guha in Washington

Published: May 19 2008 03:00 | Last updated: May 19 2008 03:00

Michael Spence would like to do for the developing world what Michael Porter – his colleague at Stanford University – did for the business world: produce a manual on how to grow and prosper.

This week the Nobel Prize-winning economist will unveil a strategic framework for growth that updates and adapts the controversial "Washington Consensus" in the light of recent development experience.

Mr Spence says he hopes the World Bank Growth Commission’s proposals will be of practical use in helping developing countries improve their policies and strategies for "accelerating and sustaining growth". CONTINUA…………

Aí vem o "segundo mundo"
Da Ásia ao Leste Europeu à América Latina, os países de renda média estão se tornando cada vez mais assertivos. Esses Estados do "segundo mundo" estão forjando laços entre si – Parag Khanna
 – O termo "segundo mundo" caiu em desuso. Ele costumava indicar os países do mundo socialista; hoje eu uso a frase para me referir aos países do Leste Europeu e da Ásia Central, da América Latina, Oriente Médio e Sudeste Asiático que são ricos e pobres, desenvolvidos e subdesenvolvidos, pós-modernos e pré-modernos, cosmopolitas e tribais – tudo isso ao mesmo tempo. Não é uma situação temporária entre o terceiro e o primeiro mundos, mas uma condição permanente em que os vencedores e perdedores são escolhidos por coletividades como cidades e corporações, mais que Estados inteiros.
  [Americanos defendendo os EUA]

Science, Technology, and Innovation (STI)

Education, Science, Technology, and Innovation.

Global Forum: Building Science, Technology, and Innovation Capacity for Sustainable Growth and Poverty Reduction

Knowledge for Development – International Conference on Technology   – textos

Developing Technology and Innovation in Africa: Focus on Agriculture and Food Industry

WorldBank: Development Outreach — Text Only Version

Building science, technology, and innovation capacity in Rwanda: developing practical solutions to practical problems

Global economic prospects : technology diffusion in the developing world 2008 (English)

Commercialization of Science: A key landmark for an efficient National Innovation System

Joseph E. Stiglitz (English) – 2008

Diffusion of the internet : a cross-country analysis (English) – 2007/12/01 – Policy Research Working Paper

Ideas and innovation in East Asia (English) – 2007/11/01 – Policy Research Working Paper

Financial development and innovation in small firms (English) – 2007/09/01 – Policy Research Working Paper

Latecomer Strategies for Catching Up: Linkage, leverage, and learning

Education – Science, Technology, and Innovation – Links

Environment for Innovation

the technology&culture forum at mit.

The history of the World Bank (WB).

Unholy Trinity: The IMF, World Bank and WTO by Richard Peet (Paperback – Nov 29, 2003)

The Globalizers: The Imf, the World Bank, and Their Borrowers (Cornell Studies in Money) by Ngaire Woods (Paperback – Nov 2007)

Fifty Years is Enough: The Case Against the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund by Kevin Danaher (Paperback – Aug 1994)

A Chance for the World Bank (Anthem Studies in Development and Globalization) by Jozef Ritzen and Joseph P. Stiglitz (Paperback – Mar 2005)

World Bank and Beyond: Memoir and a Proposal by Stanley Cleetus Panickaveetil, Donald Costello, Francis Puthanangadi, and K.K. Suresh (Hardcover – Dec 9, 2007)

Intellectual property rights, licensing, and innovation (English) – 2003/02/28 – Policy Research Working Paper

Uruguay – Promoting Innovation to Enhance Competitiveness Project (English) – 2007/03/26 – Project Appraisal Document

Openness and technological innovations in developing countries : evidence from firm-level surveys (English) – 2006/08/01 – Policy Research Working Paper

Policy interventions for technological innovation in developing countries (English) – 1980/12/31 – Staff Working Paper

Missed opportunities – innovation and resource-based growth in Latin America (English) – 2002/12/31 – Policy Research Working Paper

Strengthening China’s technological capability (English) – 2007/08/01 – Policy Research Working Paper

Missed opportunities – innovation and resource-based growth in Latin America : Oportunidades perdidas: innovacion y crecimiento en base a recursos en America Latina (Spanish) – 2002/12/01 – Policy Research Working Paper

Innovation systems : World Bank support of science and technology development (English) – 2004/04/01

Meeting growing demand for agriculture through innovations in science and technology (English) – 2007/01/01 – WP

Endogenous and modern innovations : differing perspectives (English) – 2006/09/01 – Working Paper (Numbered Series)

Empty Promises: The IMF, the World Bank, and the Planned Failures of Global Capitalism (Paperback – 2003)

The World Bank: Development, Poverty, Hegemony by David Moore (Paperback – Jun 2007)

Evaluation and Development: The Institutional Dimension (World Bank Series on Evaluation and Development) by Robert Picciotto and Eduardo Wiesner (Paperback – May 1, 1998)

The World’s Banker: A Story of Failed States, Financial Crises, and the Wealth and Poverty of Nations (Council on Foreign Relations Books (Penguin Press)) by Sebastian Mallaby (Hardcover – Sep 23, 2004)

Reinventing the World Bank by Jonathan R. Pincus and Jeffrey A. Winters (Paperback – Sep 2002)

Neo liberalism revised? A critical account of World Bank concepts of good governance and market friendly interventionCapital & Class,  Spring 1998  by Kiely, Ray

The true nature of the World BankMarcia Annisette

JSTOR: The World Bank: A Critical Analysis

The World Bank: A critical analysis : Cheryl Payer, (The Monthly Review Press, New York, 1982) pp. 7-414

1 Crises and Contradictions: Understanding the Origins of a  

Ética Burocrática, Mercado e Ideologia Administrativa: Contradições da Resposta Conservadora à "Crise de Caráter" do Estado* –

Intervention Marcus Taylor Opening the World Bank: International  –

IngentaConnect Opening the World Bank: International Organisations;jsessionid=32th474hu5t0b.alice?format=print

The World Bank and the New Institutional Economics: Contradictions

The World Bank and the New Institutional Economics: Contradictions

World of Contradictions –

Globalization and Its Contradictions Democracy and Development in  –

The Meltzer Report

Web of Contradictions


Commission Releases its Final Report

The Commission on Growth and development released its final report,The Growth Report: Strategies for Sustained Growth and Inclusive Development, which looks at how developing countries can achieve fast sustained and equitable growth. More>


Combae a pobreza precisa virar expansão econômica – oglobo


Alcançar os países desenvolvidos

SERÁ QUE algum dia o povo brasileiro poderá desfrutar do mesmo padrão de vida dos atuais países desenvolvidos? Quando, e como, vamos alcançar e ser tão ricos quanto os países desenvolvidos? Essas questões deveriam ser a maior preocupação das nossas lideranças políticas, dos intelectuais e dos governantes. O Relatório de Crescimento da Comissão sobre Crescimento e Desenvolvimento, criado com o apoio de quatro países (Austrália, Holanda, Suécia e Reino Unido), do Banco Mundial e de uma fundação privada americana, recoloca essas questões como centrais e sugere uma estratégia de desenvolvimento. Da mesma forma, no relatório do Banco Mundial sobre renascimento da Ásia, o "catch-up mentality" e "developmental dictatorship" surge como a base comum do extraordinário desenvolvimento de países tão díspares como Japão, Tailândia, China e Índia.



Conselhos para o crescimento


HOJE, CERCA de dois terços da humanidade vivem em países de alta renda ou alto crescimento.
Há 30 anos, a proporção era de menos de 20%. Infelizmente, os outros 2 bilhões de pessoas vivem em países de renda estagnada ou em declínio. O que torna esse ponto ainda importante é o fato de que cerca de dois terços do crescimento populacional de cerca de 3 bilhões de pessoas que é previsto até 2050 acontecerão em países que atualmente desfrutam de crescimento baixo ou zero.

====================================,0.htm – 21mai2008

Relatório lista receita para crescimento de emergentes

Alta taxa de investimento foi um dos 5 fatores associados ao crescimento sustentável.

 – Uma comissão formada por vencedores do prêmio Nobel e especialistas na formulação de políticas públicas, analisou países que tiveram crescimento econômico sustentável nos últimos 25 anos e concluiu que eles têm cinco características em comum que podem explicar suas história21mai2008s de sucesso.

Em um relatório intitulado The Growth Report: Strategies for Sustained Growth and Inclusive Development (O Relatório do Crescimento: Estratégias para Crescimento Sustentado e Desenvolvimento Inclusivo, em tradução livre), a Comissão diz que a trajetória dos 11 países (inclusive o Brasil) e dois territórios analisados prova que países em desenvolvimento que enfrentam dificuldades econômicas podem dar a volta por cima. continua…..


Combate à pobreza precisa visar expansão econômica–estudo


S – Governos, órgãos de assistência e outros agentes interessados na redução da pobreza precisam se concentrar mais no crescimento geral das economias, afirmou nesta quarta-feira um relatório patrocinado pelo Banco Mundial.

O documento alertou, no entanto, que qualquer aumento do protecionismo em meio à alta dos preços de energia e alimentos pode pôr em risco a melhora do cenário global.

O autor do relatório e vencedor do prêmio Nobel de Economia, Michael Spence, disse que os órgãos de auxílio humanitário e os outros agentes que se concentram em microcrédito e programas para ajudar as classes mais pobres deveriam prestar mais atenção à macroeconomia, deixando de ver os mercados globais como inimigos.

"Nós gastamos muitos anos olhando ao redor e discutindo a redução da pobreza sem qualquer referência ao crescimento", disse em entrevista à Reuters antes do lançamento do relatório. "Isso simplesmente não faz sentido para mim. É a única coisa que resolve."

O "Relatório sobre Crescimento", que também foi financiado por Austrália, Suécia, Holanda, Grã-Bretanha e uma fundação privada, analisou 13 países com projeção de crescimento de 7 por cento nos próximos 25 anos.

Os países são Botsuana, Brasil, China, Hong Kong, Indonésia, Japão, Coréia do Sul, Malásia, Malta, Omã, Cingapura, Taiwan e Tailândia, segundo o relatório. Índia e Vietnã quase entraram no grupo.

Há diferenças entre os países, mas também algumas lições em comum. Essas lições foram a exploração da economia mundial; a manutenção da estabilidade macroeconômica junto com altas taxas de poupança e investimentos; e governos comprometidos, com credibilidade e com capacidade, segundo o documento.

O relatório também afirmou que a pobreza deve continuar a diminuir nas próximas décadas, com a Índia crescendo rapidamente por mais 15 anos para alcançar o nível atingido atualmente pela China.

A China ainda tem 600 milhões de pessoas na zona rural que podem migrar para o mercado de trabalho nas cidades.


The East Asian miracle and information technology : strategic management of technological learning

Abstract: This study focuses on the process of technology catch-up and competitive advantage creation, drawing on the successful experiences of Japan, Korea, Singapore, Taiwan, and Hong Kong–the newly industrialized countries (NICs). It shows how the NICs have exploited the opportunities made possible by the information technology (IT) revolution and built sustainable competitive advantage in many high value-added industries and services. These countries became leading producers and users of informatics by developing consensual strategic management, characterized by a shared vision of the information revolution, outward orientation towards the global economy, strategic intent to build core competencies in informatics, agile planning and multi-level learning in developing their national information infrastructures, and the use of government-business partnerships to hasten response to opportunities. The study examines the role of government in unleashing private sector response, promoting the IT industry, diffusing the technology, and focusing resources on strategic elements of the national information infrastructure. It contrasts this role among the NICs. The study explores the role of the private sector, particularly industrial associations, in influencing the development and use of the new technologies. The interplay between government and corporate strategies also presents important lessons for technological diversification. The study focuses on areas where the experience of the NICs is replicable. It concludes with recommendations for aid agencies to help developing countries adjust to the emerging, information-driven, global economy, and argues that this new role is essential for aid agencies to remain relevant in the information age.



Ernesto Stein

(Inter-American Development Bank)

Mariano Tommasi

(Universidad de San Andrés) (To be delivered at World Bank ABCDE, St Petersburg, January 19, 2006)



Trade Liberalization, Inequality and Poverty Reduction in Latin America

 Guillermo Perry, Marcelo Olarreaga

Paper presented at ABCDE, San Petersburg, January 2006



State Reform in Latin America: A Silent Revolution

Eduardo Lora1







ENVIRMENT SUSTAINABILITY – An Evaloationof world Bank Group support

Bank Group support for the environment has grown during the past 15 years and performance has improved. At the same time, environmental challenges have increased, and problems in the critical areas of pollution, congestion, loss of species, and climate change have worsened.

In view of the public goods nature of these concerns, the Bank Group has a special role to play with respect to environmental issues—and has indeed been a leader in the analysis and advocacy that helps countries focus on these challenges. It is also the largest multilateral source of environment-related financing. But far greater progress is needed. These concerns must be given increased operational priority, as should how the Bank, IFC, and MIGA work together, in recognition that long-term economic growth, poverty reduction, and environmental sustainability are interlinked.



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